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Canadian Federal Personal Income Tax

 

Canadian federal income tax is calculated based on taxable income, then non-refundable tax credits are deducted to determine the net amount payable.  For 2013, every taxpayer can earn taxable income of $11,038 ($10,822 in 2012) before paying any federal tax.

The basic personal tax credit is calculated by multiplying the tax rate for the lowest tax bracket by the basic personal amount.  The 2012 tax credit is 15% x $11,038 = $1,656 (15% x $10,822 = $1,623 in 2012).

Provincial or territorial income taxes are paid in addition to the federal taxes, based on where the taxpayer resides on December 31 of the tax year.  All provinces and territories except Québec use the taxable income amount calculated for federal tax purposes, and then apply their own income tax rates.  All provinces and territories have most of the same tax credits as the federal tax credits, but usually in different amounts.  The provincial or territorial tax rate for the lowest tax bracket is used to calculate the tax amount of most of the provincial tax credit.  Québec is the only province which does not use their lowest tax bracket to calculate most personal tax credits.

To see the combined federal and provincial/territorial tax rates, see the tables of Personal Income Tax Rates.  These tables also include the marginal tax rates for capital gains, and both types of Canadian dividends.  The federal and provincial or territorial personal amount is also shown, and the rate used to calculate non-refundable tax credits.

To determine your taxes payable, use our Personal Income Tax Calculators.

See our Personal Income Tax page for links to tables of personal income tax rates and personal tax credits for all provinces and territories.

For links to the latest tax return forms on the Canada Agency (CRA) website, and information on filing your tax return, see our Filing Your Return page.

See also:

Dividend tax credit

Canadian Tax Calculator

Federal tax brackets and rates

Federal Budgets

Government Programs and Services for Canadians

Federal Government Links

Canada Revenue Agency home page - English  - Français

Service Canada

Canada Business - Service for Entrepreneurs - all provinces/territories

Income Tax Act and Regulations

Canada Pension Plan and Regulations

Employment Insurance Act and Regulations

Excise Tax Act and Regulations (includes Goods & Services Tax)

Old Age Security Act and Regulations

 

Revised: July 03, 2013

 

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