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2014 Corporate Income Tax Rates

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Business -> Corporate income tax rates -> 2014 Corporate income tax rates

2014 Corporate Income Tax Rates

The following table shows the general and small business corporate income tax rates federally and for each province and territory for 2014.  The small business rates are the applicable rates after deducting the small business deduction (SBD), which is available to Canadian-controlled private corporations (CCPCs).  The small business rate is available on active business income up to the amount of the Business Limit.  The federal business limit of $500,000 begins to be reduced when a CCPC's taxable capital reaches $10 million, and is eliminated when taxable capital reaches $15 million.

The federal general rate is net of the 10% federal tax abatement and 13% (2012 and later years) general rate reduction.  The general rate reduction is disallowed for a personal services business (PSB), for taxation years beginning after October 31, 2011, resulting in a federal corporate tax rate of 28% for PSBs.

2014 Corporate Income Tax Rates

  Active Business Income Investment
  General Small Business
Business Limit
Federal (1) 15% 11% $500,000 34.7%
Alberta 10% 3% $500,000 10%
BC 11% 2.5% $500,000 11%
Manitoba (6) 12% 0% $425,000 12%
New Brunswick 12% 4.5% $500,000 12%
Newfoundland & Labrador (2)(3) 14% 4% / 3% $500,000 14%
Nova Scotia (5) 16% 3% $350,000 16%
Northwest Territories (2) 11.5% 4% $500,000 11.5%
Nunavut (2) 12% 4% $500,000 12%
Ontario 11.5% 4.5% $500,000 11.5%
Prince Edward Island (2) 16% 4.5% $500,000 16%
Quebec 11.9% 8% (8) $500,000 11.9%
Saskatchewan 12% 2% $500,000 12%
Yukon (7) 15% 4% / 3% $500,000 15%

The general corporate tax rate applies to active business income in excess of the business limit.

The tax rate on capital gains is 50% of the tax rate on investment income, because only 50% of the capital gain is taxable.  Dividends received from Canadian Corporations may be deductible under s. 112 of the Income Tax Act (ITA), but Part IV tax (ITA s. 186-187) may be payable on these dividends at a tax rate of 1/3 of the dividends received.  Part IV tax becomes part of the corporation's refundable dividend tax on hand (RDTOH).  RDTOH is available as a dividend refund when dividends are paid to shareholders of private corporations.

The federal tax rate on investment income includes a 6.67% refundable tax as per s. 123.3 of the ITA, which becomes part of RDTOH.

  1. Federal general tax rates, after general tax reduction and 10% federal tax abatement:
    1. 20.62% in 2007
    2. 19.5% effective January 1, 2008
    3. 19% effective January 1, 2009
    4. 18% effective January 1, 2010
    5. 16.5% effective January 1, 2011
    6. 15% effective January 1, 2012

    The above rate reductions were achieved by eliminating the 1.12% surtax effective January 1, 2008, and increasing the general tax reduction (Income Tax Act s. 123.4), which was 8.5% in 2007/08, and is 13% in 2014.

  2. NL, NT, NU and PE use the federal small business limit.
  1. The NL 2014 Budget announced that the small business corporate income tax rate is reduced from 4% to 3% effective July 1, 2014.
  1. Ontario 2009 budget reduced general rate to

    1. 12% effective July 1, 2010
    2. 11.5% effective July 1, 2011
    3. 11% effective July 1, 2012 - deferred by 2012 Budget
    4. 10% effective July 1, 2013 - deferred by 2012 Budget
As per the Ontario 2012 Budget, Ontario is scheduled to return to a balanced budget in 2017-18, and at that time the general corporate tax rate reductions would resume.
  1. As per the NS 2013 Budget, the small business income tax rate was reduced to 3% effective January 1, 2014, and the small business limit threshold will be reduced from $400,000 to $350,000.

  2. As per the MB 2013 Budget, the small business limit was increased from $400,000 to $425,000 on January 1, 2014.

  3. The Yukon 2014 Budget announced that the small business income tax rate would be reduced from 4% to 3%.  It was later indicated on their Income Tax Rates page that this tax reduction was effective July 1, 2014.
  1. The Quebec 2015 Budget announced changes to the eligibility for the SBD - including, for businesses which are not in the primary or manufacturing sectors, the requirement to have more than 3 employees.  Effective for taxation years beginning after December 31, 2016.  The Budget also announced that the general corporate income tax rate will be gradually reduced starting in 2017, as follows:
    1. 11.8% in 2017
    2. 11.7% in 2018
    3. 11.6% in 2019
    4. 11.5% in 2020

    The small business rate will remain unchanged at 8%, as the small business deduction rate will gradually increase while the general corporate income tax rate decreases.

Sources for the above information

bulletCanada Revenue Agency (CRA) Federal, Provincial and Territorial corporate income tax rates.
bulletAlberta corporate and commodity tax rates
bulletBC corporate income tax
bulletManitoba corporate income taxes
bulletNew Brunswick corporate income tax
bulletNewfoundland & Labrador corporate income tax
bulletNorthwest Territories corporate income tax
bulletNova Scotia corporate income tax & credits
bulletNunavut Dept of Finance Taxation
bulletOntario corporate income tax
bulletQuebec corporate income tax rates
bulletSaskatchewan corporate income tax
bulletYukon income tax rates
bulletProvincial Budgets

Revised: March 30, 2016

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