Canadian Tax and
Financial Information
Death of TFSA Holder

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RRSPs RRIFs and TFSAs   ->   Tax-free savings accounts (TFSAs) -> Death of the TFSA holder

Tax-Free Savings Accounts (TFSAs) - Death of the TFSA Holder

A TFSA holder can name a spouse or common-law partner as the "successor holder" in the TFSA contract.  On the death of the holder, the spouse becomes the new holder, keeping the tax exempt status of the TFSA.  This will not affect the TFSA contribution room of the spouse.

The Income Tax Act only allows the tax exempt status of the TFSA to be passed on to a spouse or common-law partner who is a successor holder, which differs from a beneficiary.  If some other person is named as a beneficiary of the TFSA, the account will no longer be a TFSA.

Whether or not a beneficiary can be named in a TFSA contract depends on provincial legislation.  By now, most provinces have probably revised their legislation to allow for this.  Check with your financial institution.

Assets with named beneficiaries such as life insurance policies or RRSPs are usually excluded in determining the value of an estate for purposes of probate.  It is likely that a TFSA with a named beneficiary would also be excluded from probate.  Again, this would depend on provincial legislation.  For example, the British Columbia Wills, Estates and Succession Act s. 95 provides that:

A benefit payable to a designated beneficiary or to a trustee appointed under section 92 under a benefit plan on the death of a participant does not form part of the participant's estate and is not subject to the claims of the participant's creditors.

S. 1 of the same Act provides that RRSPs and TFSAs, among other things, are benefit plans for purposes of the Act.

Where no successor holder is named for the TFSA, the proceeds of the account will become part of the estate of the deceased.  If a surviving spouse/common-law partner receives proceeds from the TFSA, the proceeds can be used to make an exempt contribution to the survivor's TFSA, and not affect the contribution room of the survivor, as long as

bullet it is done before the end of the first calendar year following the holder's death (rollover period), and
bullet it is designated as an exempt contribution in the survivor's income tax return for the year the contribution is made.

Where there is no spouse or common-law partner named as the successor holder, the TFSA will not lose its tax-exempt status until the the earlier of

bullet the time it ceases to exist (completely paid out to beneficiaries), or
bullet end of first calendar year following the holder's death.

Any payments to beneficiaries, including during this exempt period, will be taxable to the beneficiaries, to the extent that the payment includes income or capital gains earned after the death of the holder.

Example:  Holder dies with TFSA valued at $80,000.  By the time the assets are distributed to the beneficiaries, the value has grown to $82,000.  $2,000 will be taxable income to the beneficiaries.

Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Resources

    - RC4466 - Tax-Free Savings Account (TFSA), Guide for Individuals - see Chapter 6 Death of the TFSA Holder

    - Death of a TFSA Holder

Tax Tip:  If it is possible (provincially regulated), designate your spouse as the successor holder in your TFSA contract, to avoid including the TFSA in assets subject to probate, and to avoid having to change your will.


    - What is Better - TFSA or RRSP?

    - TFSA Contribution Rules and Limits / Leaving Canada

    - Don't Overcontribute!

    - Unused Contribution Room

    - TFSA Investments - qualified, non-qualified, and prohibited

    - TFSA Withdrawals

    - Asset Transfer (Swap) Transactions

    - Taxes Payable re TFSA

    - Marital Breakdown

Back to TFSA main page.

Revised: April 06, 2019


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