Personal Tax -> Business -> Canada Pension Plan (CPP), Quebec Pension Plan (QPP) and Employment Insurance (EI) - > EI for self-employed
Employment Insurance (EI) for the Self-Employed
Since January 2010, self-employed persons have been able to pay EI premiums on a voluntary basis, in order to qualify for EI special benefits, including
These EI benefits are taxable.
Under the legislation, prior to claiming benefits, self-employed Canadians:
The program had a start date of January 2010, so claims could have been made as early as January 2011 with minimum self-employment earnings of $6,000 in 2010.
Self-employed Quebec residents still receive benefits of maternity leave, paternity leave, parental leave and adoption leave through the Quebec Parental Insurance Program (QPIP) provided through the Quebec government. They are still eligible to take advantage of the EI sickness and compassionate care benefits being offered by the Government of Canada. If they opt into this program, their premium rates will be the same as the rates for employees in Quebec.
See our tables of Employment Insurance Rates and Maximum Insurable Earnings, which includes rates for Quebec.
Government ResourcesService Canada - Employment Insurance Benefits
Revised: April 27, 2021
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